India will go as far as possible to the breeder
The necessity to pursue fast neutron
reactors is conditioned by the current situation in India.
This was said to Nuclear.Ru by Shivram Bhoje, the
Director of Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research,
during the international science and technology forum
currently held in Obninsk. "The demand for energy
and the energy resources available in the country, which
very clearly show that we are to go for nuclear power,
Bhoje said. "As of thermal reactors, we use
pressurized water reactors, but we have very limited
uranium in the country. So we will go as far as possible
to the breeder reactors."
According to Bhoje, the Indian experts have gained good
experience in this area operating their 40-megawatt
reactor, which has been in operation for fifteen years in
Kalpakkam. "We use a unique carbide fuel and the
performance is much more than we expected, he said.
"Based on this experience we have designed and
developed a 500-megawatt reactor. The design has
completed and the construction has been started by a new
company last August." Indira Gandhi Center’s
Director said the construction would be completed in six
years. Then another 500-megawatt reactor will be built
with 1000 MW one being under design in parallel.
"The government provides very good support to
nuclear power and fast breeder reactors", Bhoje said.
He believes that a large-scale transition to "fast"
reactors in India could start in twenty years since this
direction is incorporated in the India’s national
energy strategy. He also noted that India would like to
cooperate with Russian organizations, in particular, with
OKBM named after A.I. Afrikantov and IPPE of Obninsk, but
this cooperation is hindered by political problems.
"So far we don’t have a direct collaboration [with
Russia] but what has been published we use this
information", Bhoje said. "But in future when
given an opportunity we would like to work with Russia",
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