Výběr zpráv ze sítě NucNet - 49. týden 2005
Britons Support Cautious Nuclear Build, Says Survey
The majority of the UK population (62%) would support an
energy policy that combines increased renewable energy
technologies with cautious nuclear build, a new survey
In contrast, only one in three people, or 36%, say they
support the use of nuclear technology itself, suggesting
that support for nuclear increases significantly when
there is some reassurance that it would not be in place
of renewable sources.
The survey, carried out by Deloitte and Touche in
November 2005, also revealed a low level of awareness
regarding the source of future electricity generation.
Thirty five percent believe that most UK electricity will
be generated by renewable sources in 15 years time. In
contrast, 23% expect most future supply to come from
nuclear with only 18% identifying fossil fuel sources as
likely to be the most prevalent. Twenty three percent
admitted they did not know how the majority of energy
would be generated.
Ross Howard, nuclear energy partner at Deloitte and
Touche, said there is confusion and false expectation
among the public in relation to future energy generation.
“The expectation for renewables is clearly unrealistic
– 15 years from now renewables might comprise up to 15%
of the UK energy mix, which although a significant
increase from about 4% today, falls a long way short of
the aspirational views expressed in the survey.”
Mr Howard said one of the real challenges faced by the UK
government as it approaches its energy policy review will
be to better educate and inform the public on energy
matters to ensure that opinions are not unduly affected
by a fundamental lack of understanding of the facts.
British prime minister Tony Blair confirmed in November
2005 that the energy policy review due next year will
include the issue of whether the UK develops a new
generation of nuclear power plants (see News No. 179, 29th
Mr Howard emphasised the importance of an open,
transparent and constructive debate. He said without
this, it will be difficult for the government to set
policy objectives in a way which will provide sufficient
encouragement for the markets to invest with confidence
in a range of new technologies including nuclear and
renewables (see also News No. 145, 9th September 2005).
According to the survey, the greatest public concern
relating to nuclear energy is disposal of waste (52%),
followed by accidental leakage (22%), terrorist attacks (12%)
and the cost of decommissioning (4%) with 9% of
respondents having no concerns.
In another survey of the British public, published by
research company Ipsos Mori on 1st December 2005 on
behalf of the Nuclear Industry Association, 59% of
respondents said they expected nuclear to be a part of
the future energy mix. The survey also showed “significant
improvements” in support for building new nuclear power
plants to replace those being decommissioned, with 41% in
favour of this, an increase from 35% in a similar poll in
An increased proportion of the public, 33% from 28% last
year, now see nuclear energy as a key secure and reliable
source of energy in the future, the survey concludes.
Swedish Survey Rejects More Reactor Closures
Seven out of ten of Swedish citizens are against the
closure of additional nuclear reactors in the near
future, according to a new survey.
The survey* shows most Swedes – 65% of respondents
compared to 26% – are against further closures such as
that of Barsebäck-2 earlier in 2005, which was closed
because the government failed to reach an agreement with
the power industry on the details and timetable for a
voluntary phase-out (see News No. 93, 31st May 2005).
Thirty-eight percent want existing units to continue
operating until they need to be closed on safety or
economic grounds, but not for any other reason – an
increase from the level of 34% recorded in a March 2005
opinion poll (see News. No 57, 24th March 2005).
Asked about their general position on nuclear in the
future, 20% said they support a phase-out in line with
existing government policy, an increase of 7% compared to
Respondents wanting to continue with nuclear energy
production and replace existing reactors when they reach
the end of their design lifetimes decreased from 30% in
the March poll to 24%.
Eighty percent of respondents said the most important
environmental target within the energy sector is not to
increase emissions of greenhouse gases, while 11% felt
the protection of the country’s remaining un-developed
rivers against hydro-electric power development is their
most important objective. Only 5% said a phase-out of
nuclear power is the most important target.
*The survey was carried out by the Swedish polling
organisation Temo on behalf of the Analysis Group within
Sweden's Nuclear Training and Safety Center (KSU). It was
conducted by interviewing a representative sample of 2,062
Swedes during November 2005.
Sweden has 10 reactors in commercial operation at three
nuclear power plants: Forsmark, Ringhals and Oskarshamn.
zpět na úvodní